Many of us know that lowering cholesterol can help reduce heart disease risk. But apart from that, it also can help fight infections in the body.
A study shows that an interaction between the immune system and metabolism in the body. This suggests a possibility of cholesterol in the body plays a role in fighting infection.
“What we have discovered is that a key immune hormone stimulated upon infection can lower cholesterol levels and thereby deprive viral infections of the sustenance they need to grow,” said Peter Professor Ghazal, head of molecular genetics and biomedical at the Edinburgh University.
The key immune hormone that plays a role is interferon. This hormone is known to help lower cholesterol levels in mice when infected with a variety of viruses.
Generally, these viruses do not require cholesterol to survive, however cholesterol produced by our cells is needed for viruses and certain bacteria to grow. Therefore lowering cholesterol could minimize the opportunity for viruses to thrive.
Both mechanisms between interferon control and the activity of cholesterol genes that appear regulated by using the same line. The results of this study have been published in the Public Library of Science (PLoS) journal.
Currently, drugs are prescribed to reduce LDL cholesterol levels is the statins that are known to provide protection against some viruses in mice.
Now the researchers has tried to find an alternatives to focus on how the body responding to infection and the causes of drug resistance against various bacteria and viruses.